Scope of Architecture in Thailand

Thailand’s architecture is an impressive representation of the rich cultural heritage. It is a lively multi-cultural societythat adds to its already existing charm with beautiful beaches, vibrant nightlife, and a wide array of delicious cuisines and fascinating cultures. Over the years, architecture in Thailand has evolved and has gone through several distinctive phases with periods of development known as the Pre colonial period, Modern period and Thai New Age. Each architectural style has contributed to Thailand’s distinct style and character. Architectural styles include the French style or the Lifestyle and the Thai style or Sukothai, the Tibetan architecture, and the Chinese building such as the Great Wall. These styles have developed in line with the country’s evolution and were influenced by a variety of factors , including climate and culture as well as geography and the geography.

The development of Thailand’s distinct identity is the main focus of Thailand’s architecture. This was influenced by Thailand’s social and cultural evolution. Therefore, the modern architecture in Thailand encompasses a variety of styles and designs which reflect this unique aspect of the country. Modern architecture was developed by Japanese influence and built projects which were completed in the post-war time period to accommodate the rapid growth of the economy of Thailand. Modern constructions had the distinctive “vertical stack system” which allowed for simple implementation and the use of high-quality construction materials in a compact space. This trait is shared by many modern cities in Thailand.

Post colonial architecture is an element of the previous. It was created by architects who fled or sought refuge in Bangkok following the war. Here, many aspects of modernist architecture were incorporated, especially in the form of the discipline known as master planning. Master planning, also known as architectural planning was introduced to Thailand by the British who recognized the value of this discipline in their efforts to establish their control over the Thai economy. Therefore, the majority of initial master plans created by these ‘colonialists’ were focused on facilitating the efficient use of space.


The genesis of modern architecture in Thailand can be traced back to King Rama V, who was the last Chakri dynasty ruler. Under the direction of the late Dr. Rama V bin Supapha, the first post-colonial architect to adopt European ideas of construction and interior design was crucial in laying the foundation for modern Thai architecture. His work was the catalyst for a broad shift towards master planning. The influence of Dr. Supapha’s revolutionary ideas can be seen in the wide use of such elements as diagonal planning, compartmentalisation, and systemisation in Thai master plans that comprise a significant part of the premodern time.

The design of Thai interiors is also influenced heavily by Islamic art and structures including the Suq al Bahar Hadith and Arabic language. Many modern buildings in Bangkok were inspired by structures such as the minaret, clock tower and dome. While the use of Arabic words in Bangkok architecture are not a lot however, the design of the building structures bears a strong relation with Arabic traditions and culture. Many buildings in Bangkok utilize the same materials and techniques as those used in Medina and Mecca. In other words, modern day Bangkok architecture is deeply rooted in traditional architectural styles prevalent in Islamic countries.

The design of architecture in Thailand goes beyond the traditional areas of Thailand. It also examines the influence of Western architecture on Thai interior design. ออกแบบบริเวณบ้าน This idea was most prominently implemented through the extension of Royal Palace Complex onto the banks of the Chao Phraya River. However, even today, efforts are being made to expand the reach of the structure to the rural regions of Thailand. In the case of developments such as the Shuswap temple, Krabi, for example traditional Thai brick is being replaced by pre-Roman terracotta, or stone.

Two major projects have been completed in Bangkok in recent years to provide an Western perspective to Thai architecture. One of these projects is the conversion of the Bangkok Stock Exchange Building (BSE) into a residential building. The architects involved in this project wanted to create an architectural structure that reflected the authenticity of Bangkok. The introduction of modern elements helped to reduce the cost of such projects. In addition to the stock exchange, architects were also required to take on the difficult task of modernizing and refurbishing other structures like the Suan Lum Night Bazaar and Santichaeng Night Bazaar and the Santichaeng Sky Bazaar.

In conclusion, architecture is a very broad scope in Thailand. This is evident in Bangkok’s extensive use of pre-modern elements in residential developments. Specifically, the introduction of modern residential designs and structures by architects such as Robert Ebert and Christopher Alexander has resulted into a building which incorporates a wide range of modern features like flat roofs, columns-free floors, and exposed brickwork. In addition to this there is a increasing demand for interior design in this country. As more expats move to Bangkok to live, interior design professionals are also getting lots of attention.